Undergraduate Courses

  • 100-level

    BIL101 - Introductory Biological Science (3 credits)
    An integrated presentation of important biological processes and principles. Deisgned as an introduction to life sciencs for the non-major. 
    Prerequisite: Not for biology majors or minors. Students with credit in BIL 150 may not take this course to fulfill the natural science requirement.

    BIL102 - Elementary Biotechnology (3 credits)
    Major aspects of the biotechnology field for the non-science major. Food biotechnology, enzymnes, environmental biotechnology, transgenic animals and plants, analytical biotechnology and more. 
    Prerequisite: Not for biology majors or minors.

    BIL103 - Introduction to Ecology (3 credits)
    An overview of ecological and evolutionary principles; relationships of organisms to living and non-living aspects of their environment; human impact on ecosystems. 
    Prerequisite: Not for biology majors or minors.

    BIL104 - Genetics and Society (3 credits)
    The impact of new knowledge in genetics and heredity on society, including a consideration of qeustions about the inheritance of I.Q. and behavior, racial differences, genetic screening, control of reproduction, genetic engineering, forensic applications. 
    Prerequisite: Not for biology majors or minors.

    BIL105 - The Biology of Plants (3 credits)
    Survey of the evolution and diversity of the plant kindgom; economic and cultural importance of plants to humans. 
    Prerequisite: Not for biology majors or minors.

    BIL106 - The Biology of Animals (3 credits)
    Survey of the evolution and diversity of the animal kingdom, and the relationship between humans and other animals. 
    Prerequisite: Not for biology majors or minors.

    BIL107 - Introduction to Evolution (3 credits)
    Hereditary variation and the mechanisms of evolutionary change. Processes of species formation and the origin of adaptations. The development of evolutionary thinking from classical to contemporary time, including social issues (e.g., social Darwinism, creationism). 
    Prerequisite: Not for biology majors or minors.

    BIL109 - Human Biology (3 credits)
    A survey of the anatomy and physiology of man and his relationship to some major biological problems. Lectures and demonstrations. 
    Prerequisite: Not for biology majors or minors.

    BIL113 - General Biology Honors Seminar (1 credit)
    Special topics in biology correlated with BIL 150. 
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 150.

    BIL114 - General Biology Honors Seminar (1 credit)
    Special topics in biology correlated with BIL 160. 
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 160.

    BIL149 - First Year Information (FYI) for Biology Majors (1 credit)
    First year seminar for incoming Biology majors. Facilitation and encouragement of development of critical tinking skills, proficiency in oral and written expression, and an ability to solve problems by intergrating knowledge from different disciplines in Biology 
    Prerequisite: First year biology major status.

    BIL150 - General Biology (4 credits)
    Principles of biology at the cellular, genetic, organismal, population, community and ecosystem levels of organization. Required for all biology majors. Three hours of lecture per week, and one hour of peer-led workshop.
    Pre- or corequisites: BIL 151, ENG 105, and MTH 101, 105 or 107.

    BIL151 - General Biology Laboratory (1 credit)
    Laboratory exercises to accompany BIL 150. Required for all biology majors.
    Pre- or corequisites: BIL 150.

    BIL160 - Evolution and Biodiversity (4 credits)
    Evolutionary processes from an organismal perspective. Systematics, biogeography, and a survey of the diversity of life, with emphasis on the morphological, ecological, and behavioral adaptations of selected representative of the Domains of living organisms. Three hours of lecture per week, and one hour of peer-led workshop.
    Pre- or corequisites: BIL 161, ENG 105, and MTH 101, 105 or 107.

    BIL161 - Evolution and Biodiversity Laboratory (1 credit)
    Laboratory exercises to accompany BIL 160. Required for all biology majors.
    Pre- or corequisites: BIL 150.

  • 200-level

    BIL220 - Evolution and Disease (3 credits)
    Evolutionary insights on the origins and emergence of diseases, drug resistance, and how diseases have shaped human evolution.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL221 - Biology of Birds (4 credits)
    General biology of birds, field identification, natural history and migrations of southern Florida species. Lecture, 2 hours; laboratory 3 hours; 4 six-hour, mandatory field trips.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.
    Notes: Binoculars needed.

    BIL226 - General Botany (3 credits)
    Survey of the plant kingdom, including evolution, plant diversity, reproduction, structure, function, and ecology.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL227 - General Botany Laboratory (1 credit)
    Laboratory exercises to accompany BIL 226
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 226.

    BIL230 - Introduction to Marine Biology (3 credits)
    The sea as an environment. Marine life, its special problems and adaptations. Emphasis on Caribbean organisms. Lecture, 3 hours. Identical to Marine Science (MSC) 230.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL231 - Introduction to Marine Science Laboratory (1 credit)
    Experimental laboratory eploring ecology, physiology and behavior or marine organisms in southern Florida marine habitats. Exercises cover laboratory techniques in behavior, functional morphology, productivity, fisheries research, osmoregulation and community ecology.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology and chemistry for science majors with laboratories. Corequisite: BIL 230 (MSC 230)

    BIL250 - Genetics (3 credits)
    The nature, organization, replication, expression and evolution of the genetic materials.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL251 - Genetics Laboratory (1 credit)
    Laboratory exercises in genetics.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 250

    BIL251 - Honors Genetics Laboratory (2 credits)
    Laboratory exercises in genetics.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 250; Open only to students in the Honors Program except by permission of instructor.

    BIL253 - Honors Seminar in Genetics (1 credit)
    Special topics in Genetics.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 250

    BIL255 - Cellular and Molecular Biology (3 credits)
    Structure, molecules, and functions of cells.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL256 - Cellular and Molecular Biology Laboratory (2 credits)
    Laboratory exercises and Discussion in cellular and organismal biology.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 255

    BIL257 - Honors Seminar in Cell Biology (1 credit)
    Special topics in Cell and Molecular Biology.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 250

    BIL266 - Comparative Physiology Laboratory (1 credits)
    Experiments to illustrate basic animal and plant physiological processes.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 265

    BIL268 - Neurobiology (3 credits)
    Neurons, organization of the nervous system, electrical properties of neurons, neurotransmitters, receptors, synaptic transmission, sensory and motor system, and complex brain functions.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL284 - Special Laboratory Topics in Biology (1 credit)
    Topics relevant to the biological sciences; may be co-listed with other departments or programs.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL285 - Special Topics in Biology (2-6 credits)
    Topics relevant to the biological sciences; may be co-listed with other departments or programs.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL299 - Seminar in Research Problems (2 credits)
    Discussion of current research of the Biology Department Faculty.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory; sophomore standing.

  • 300-level

    BIL310 - Advanced Human Anatomy (4 credits)
    An in-depth exploration of the human body requiring extensive laboratory work, lectures, dissections, and field trips.
    Prerequisites: BIL 210 and permission of instructor.

    BIL311 - Biostatistics (4 credits)

    This course will provide an overview of statistical analyses needed to understand, present, and publish biological research. Examples will primarily be drawn from the biomedical and ecological fields. The course will begin with a review of descriptive statistics, probability theory, and univariate distributions, followed by an overview of experimental design and analysis of categorical data using contingency tables. This will be followed by a unit on parametric analysis of univariate data including both simple and multiple linear regression, model selection, and analysis of variance. The final unit will cover non-parametric versions of these analyses and more advanced multivariate statistical methods. Lectures will be accompanied by a computer lab in which students learn hands-on statistical analysis in SAS JMP.

    BIL312 - Biostatistics Laboratory (1 credits)
    Computer laboratory exdercises to complement Biostatistics.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 311.

    BIL315 - Marine Biota and Biogeochemical Cycles (3 credits)
    The distribution of dissolved and particulate materials in the sea is not uniform in time and space. This variability reflects the diverse sources, transformations, and sinks of chemical constituents in the sea. This course focuses on the role of marine organisms in marine biogeochemical cycling and the marine carbon cycle and its interaction with the terrestrial biosphere and atmosphere.
    Prerequisites: MSC 320

    BIL321 - Invertebrate Zoology (4 credits)
    Biology of invertebrates, with emphasis on tropical and subtropical marine forms. Field work and combined lecture-laboratory sessions.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology (for majors) with laboratory.

    BIL324 - Biology of Fishes (3 credits)
    Selected topics on the ecology and physiology of fishes. Lectures on reproduction, respiration osmoregulation, sensory systems, hormonal control.
    Prerequisites: BIL 255 and 265; permission of instructor.

    BIL330 - Ecology (3 credits)
    An introduction to the study of organisms in relation to their environment.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL331 - Ecology Laboratory (1 credit)
    Lab and field exercises in ecology. Some Saturday field trips required.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 330.

    BIL335 - Tropical Field Biology (3 credits)
    Intensive field study conducted during semester breaks or recesses with additional pre-trip lectures. Requires payment of trip costs.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology (for majors) with laboratory; permission of instructor.

    BIL336 - Tropical Plant Biology (3 credits)
    Structure, diversity, ecology, development and physiology of major plant groups of the tropics. Lecture, 3 hours; mandatory field trips TBA.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology (for majors) with laboratory.

    BIL341 - Behavioral Physiology (3 credits)
    The effects of hormones on aggressive behavior, biological rhythms, ingestive behavior, reproductive behavior, and stress response in a variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species.
    Prerequisites: BIL 365.

    BIL350 - Survey of Marine Mammals (3 credits)
    The evolution and ecology of the cetaceans, pinnipeds, manatees, and allies. Natural history, zoogeography, physiology, husbandry, and biomedical aspects.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology (for majors) with laboratory; MSC 230.

    BIL352 - Techniques in Scanning Electron Microscopy (3 credits)
    Tissue preparation, use of the scanning electron microscope, photography, and analysis and manipulation of digital images. Lecture 1 hour; laboratory 5 hours.
    Prerequisites: Twelve credits in biology (for majors) and permission of instructor.

    BIL353 - Projects in Scanning Electron Microscopy (2 credits)
    Individual research projects in scanning electron microscopy. Six hours of laboratory.
    Prerequisites: BIL 352 and permission of instructor.

    BIL355 - Developmental Biology (3 credits)
    Principles of differentiation, morphogenesis and development will be studied along with a critical analysis of the methods used to study these problems.
    Prerequisites: BIL 250 and 255

    BIL356 - Developmental Biology Laboratory (1 credit)
    Laboratory exercises in developmental biology.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 355.

    BIL358 - Mathematical Biology (3 credits)
    Biomathematics concerned with shape and form, random processes, dynamic phenomena, and chaos in complex systems.
    Prerequisites: One year of general biology (for majors) with laboratory; Calculus II.

    BIL359 - Biophysics (3 credits)
    Analysis of problems in biophysics, with emphasis on the statistical nature of biological processes. Examples from cellular physiology, ecology, genetics and the health sciences.
    Prerequisites: One year of general biology (for majors) with laboratory; Calculus II or permission of instructor.

    BIL360 - Comparative Physiology (3 credits)
    Animal and plant physiological processes such as homeostasis, energy budget, movement, sensation, and reproduction with emphasis on the organismal level.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL365 - Endocrinology (3 credits)
    The endocrine glands and the chemistry, mechanisms of action, and physiological effects of hormones. Emphasis on vertebrate hormones, including clinical aspects of human endocrinology.
    Prerequisites: One year of general biology (for majors) with laboratory; one year of general chemistry with laboratory

    BIL367 - A Survey of Cancer Biology (3 credits)
    The biological aspect of human cancers, including their incidence, diagnosis and treatment.
    Prerequisite: BIL 255

    BIL369 - Fundamentals of the Biology of Aging (3 credits)
    How and why we age. The biology of aging at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels is presented in a comparative and evolutionary context.
    Prerequisites: BIL 250, 255 OR 265

    BIL371 - Readings in Biology (1 credit)
    Independent readings on selected topics in biology under the supervision of individual faculty.
    Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

    BIL372 - Readings in Biology (1 credit)
    1 credit Fall & Spring Semester Independent readings on selected topics in biology under the supervision of individual faculty.
    Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

    BIL374 - Seminar in Biology (1 credit)
    Formally scheduled seminar on selected topics in biology; one hour per week.
    Prerequisite: One year of general biology (for majors) with laboratory.

    BIL375 - Seminar in Biology (1 credit)
    Formally scheduled seminar on selected topics in biology; one hour per week.Prerequisite: One year of general biology (for majors) with laboratory.

    BIL381 - Workshop Leaders in Biology I (0-1 credits)
    Students engage in Peer-led Team Teaching of workshops for groups of BIL 150 students. May be taken once only for credit in the BIL major, but may be taken additional times for a general education credit. Students may serve as workshop leaders for a second time for a stipend if they (1) have taken the course once before and (2) are graduating seniors.
    Prerequisite: Grade of A or B in BIL 150/151 and 160/161 or equivalent or AP outplacing; permission of instructor

    BIL382 - Workshop Leaders in Biology II(0-1 credit)
    Students engage in Peer-led Team Teaching of workshops for groups of BIL 160 students. May be taken once only for credit in the BIL major, but may be taken additional times for general education credit. Students may serve as workshop leaders for a second time for a stipend if they 1) have taken the course once before and (2) are graduating seniors.
    Prerequisite: Grade of A or B in BIL 150/151 and 160/161 or equivalent or AP outplacing; permission of instructor

    BIL384 - Special Laboratory Topics in Biology
    (1-3 credits) Topics relevant to the biological sciences, listed as subtitle. May be co-listed with other departments or programs.
    Prerequisite: will vary with topic

    BIL385 - Special Topics in Biology (2-6 credits)
    Topics relevant to the biological sciences, listed as subtitle. May be co-listed with other departments or programs. Prerequisite: will vary with topic

  • 400-level

    BIL410 - Marine Conservation Science (3 credits)
    Marine populations and ecosystems; threats to marine biological diversity; place-based maanbgement of marine ecosystem; human dimensions of marine conservation. Prerequisite: One year of biology for majors with laboratory

    BIL415 - Coral Reef Science and Management (3 credits)
    Coral reefs as biophysical and socioeconomic systems. Coral reef typology, geomorphology; biotic and abiotic components of coral reef ecosystems. Prerequisite:One year of biology for majors with laboratory

    BIL424 - Reef Fish Identification and Survey Techniques (2 credits)
    Basic ecology of reef fishes, field identification of tropical Atlantic coral reef fishes, analyses of fish survey data, and use of statistics software packages to detect difference in fish assemblages. Prerequisites: one year of biology for majors with laboratory, two semesters of Calculus, MSC 230, and statistics course approved for the B.S. in Biology

    BIL435 - Field course in the Solomon Islands  (1-3 credits; Summer Session Only)
    With the Solomon Islands as a backdrop, this course will link students with the activities and intellectual foundations of a long-term biodiversity research and community-driven protected areas program. This course will provide student with hands-on experience in the development and implementation of field research and conservation initiatives. Emphasis will be placed on providing sufficient context in the presentation of scientific concepts so as to give students an ability to function as informed citizens of the biosphere, both within and outside the halls of academic science. All of the field components of the course will take place in remote localities across the Solomon Islands (primarily in Makira Province). Prerequisites: one year of biology for majors with laboratory, two semesters of Calculus, MSC 230

    BIL441 - Animal Behavior (3 credits)
    Mechanistic and evolutionary aspects of animal behavior. A survey of systems that illustrate the control, development and function of behavior in a variety of animals.
    Prerequisites: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL442 - Animal Behavior Laboratory (2 credits)
    This laboratory and field based course will explore the amazing behaviors of animals from an explicitly evolutionary perspective. In particular, we will explore how the diversity of behavior in nature is shaped by natural and sexual selection. Because the field of animal behavior is broad and diverse, this course will cover only a representative sampling of topics. Topics we will explore include: resource acquisition and defense, predator avoidance, mate choice and competition for mates, and cooperative behavior. Labs will be inquiry based, with students designing, conducting and analyzing experiments to test hypotheses.
    Pre- or corequisite: One year of biology for majors with laboratory.

    BIL481 - Undergraduate Teaching Assistant in Biology (1 credit)
    Teaching assistance for undergraduate workshops or laboratories under the direct supervision of faculty. Specific topic is indicated by coures subtitle. This course may be taken no more than twice for credit in the Biology major or minor, and if taken twice, teaching assistance must be for two different BIL courses. May be taken multiple times for general elective credit only. Prerequisite: minimum grade of "B" in the course in which student is to assist; permission of instructor

    BIL484 - Special Laboratory Topics in Biology
    (1-3 credits) Topics relevant to the biological sciences, listed as subtitle. May be co-listed with other departments or programs.
    Prerequisite: will vary with topic

    BIL485 - Special Topics in Biology (2-6 credits)
    Topics relevant to the biological sciences, listed as subtitle. May be co-listed with other departments or programs. Prerequisite: will vary with topic

    BIL491 - Departmental Seminar in Biology (Fall semester)
    (1 credits) Research seminars by distinguished biologists.
    Prerequisite: 24 credits in biology

    BIL492 - Special Topics in Biology (Spring semester) (1 credits)
    Research seminars by distinguished biologists.
    Prerequisite: 24 credits in biology

    BIL495 - Projects in Biology I (2 credits)
    Individual, original laboratory or field research supervised by a member of the department faculty and concluded by a foraml, written report.
    Prerequisite: sophomore standing, permission of instructor

    BIL496 - Projects in Biology II (2 credits)
    Individual, original laboratory or field research supervised by a member of the department faculty and concluded by a foraml, written report. Follows BIL 495.
    Prerequisite: sophomore standing, permission of instructor

    BIL497 - Projects in Biology III (2 credits)
    Individual, original laboratory or field research supervised by a member of the department faculty and concluded by a foraml, written report. Follows BIL 495 and 496.
    Prerequisite: sophomore standing, permission of instructor

    BIL498 - Senior Thesis (2 credits)
    Formal thesis praparation supervised by a member of the departmental faculty. Includes a public oral defense and submission of the written document to the department.
    Prerequisite: Four credits of "Projects in Biology" or equivalent

    BIL499 - Research Colloquium (1 credit)
    Discussion of current research of Biology undergraduate students.
    Prerequisite: BIL 495, junior or senior standing, and permission of the Departmental Honors Director. Corequisite: BIL 496 or 497

  • 500-level

    BIL511 - Biometry (3 credits)
    Descriptive and analytical statistics as used in biology. Emphasizes sampling, presentation of quantitative data, probability theory applications, distributions, parametric and non-parametric test procedures.
    Prerequisite: One year of calculus and one semester of statistics

    BIL520 - Evolution (3 credits)
    Evolutionary mechanisms and pathways; sources of hereditary variation, evolutionary forces, origins of adaptations, speciation, macroevolution, origin of life and humankind.
    Prerequisite: BIL 250

    BIL521 - Systematics (3 credits)
    Concepts and methods in phylogenetic systematids. Lectures, discussions, and computer labs.
    Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

    BIL526 - Studies in the Biology of Mycorrhizae (2 credits)
    Readings, discussions and laboratory exercises concerning the biology of mutualistic root-inhabiting fungi and their plant hosts. Topics will vary by semester. Course may be repeated for credit in the biology major or minor.
    Prerequisite: permission of instructor

    BIL527 - Biology of Fungi (4 credits)
    Physiology and ecology of the major groups of fungi, especially those of importance as pathogens or mutualists. Combined lecture and laboratory.
    Prerequisite: one year of biology for majors with laboratory

    BIL531 - Advanced Field Ecology (5 credits)
    Principles of and practical experience in quantitative samping of community structure, plant and animal populations, and animal activites. Emphasis on individual projects. Lecture, 3 hours; laboratory and field, 10 hours alternate Saturdays plus projects.
    Prerequisite: BIL 235 or equivalent; one course in statistics (BIL 511 recommended)

    BIL535 - Molecular Ecology (3 credits)
    Molecular markers and analyses, and their applications to different problems in biology. Appropriate sampling, methods for assessing genetic diversity and differentiation. Approaches ot studying gene flow, tools for behavioral ecology, remote sampling, tracking individuals, and paternity analysis, hybridizaiton and speciation, DNA barcodes, and gene expression from a population biological perspective.
    Prerequisite: BIL 250

    BIL536 - Molecular Ecology Laboratory (1 credits)
    Laboratory techniques, molecular tools, applicaitons, and analysis methods commonly used by researchers in the areas of molecular ecology and population genetics.
    Pre- or corequisite: BIL 535

    BIL537 - Ecosystem Ecology (3 credits)
    Concepts and models of energy and nutrient flow, food webs, successional processes, human influences and effects of spatial heterogeneity.
    Prerequisite: BIL 235 or permission of instructor

    BIL539 - Wildlife Resource Philosophy and Policy (3 credits)
    Attitudes, philosophy, and policies that govern management of wildlife resources worldwide. Methods to influence public support for implementation of sound wildlife resource management. Prerequisite: BIL 332

    BIL540 - Ethology and Behavioral Ecology (3 credits)
    Evolutionary and comparative approach to concepts in animal behavior, emphasizing function and mechanism. Topics include genetics of behavior, orientation, foraging, communication, and social behavior.
    Prerequisite: BIL 235 and either BIL 241 or 341 OR permission of instructor

    BIL541 - Laboratory and Field Ethology (3 credits)
    Laboratory and field exercises introduce the quantitative techniques currently employed in ethological research. Both principles and practice will be covered and a term project is required.
    Prerequisite: BIL 236

    BIL548 - Bioinformatics Algorithms (3 credits)
    The complexity of bioinformatics computations. Introduction to perl and bioperl. Pattern matching and sequence homology, genome assembly, transcription factor, binding site recognition and motif finding. Gene prediction, phylogeny, microarray analysis, RNA folding. Gene design and synthesis.
    Prerequisite: [CSC120 OR CSC210] and [BIL150 or BIL104 or BIL352 or BIL552]

    BIL550 - Cell Metabolism: Structure and Function (3 credits)
    Interactions of cell organelles within the dynamic context of intracellular microarchitecture, enzyme kinetics and bioenergetics.
    Prerequisite: BIL 255

    BIL552 - Bioinformatics Tools (3 credits)
    Databases and tools of bioinformatics as relevant to research in genomics and molecular biology. Bioinformatics applications, information retrieval, analytical tools, BLAST searches, promoter analysis, protein structure-function analysis and various applications.
    Prerequisite: BIL 250

    BIL554 - Electron Microscopy (4 credits)
    Techniques in transmission electron microscopy including tissue preparation, use of the electron microscope, photography, and interpretation of micrographs. Lecture 1 hour; laboratory 6 hours.
    Prerequisite: BIL 255 and permission of instructor

    BIL555 - Projects in Electron Microscopy (2 credits)
    Individual research projects in transmission electron microscopy. Six hours per week.
    Prerequisite: BIL 554

    BIL556 - Ecological and Evolutionary Genomics (3 credits)
    Genomics from an ecological and evolutionary perspective.
    Prerequisite: BIL 250, BIL 255, or permission of instructor

    BIL564 - Advanced Developmental Biology (3 credits)
    Comprehensive survey of the principles of development and methods of experimental analysis. Lecture, discussion and demonstration, 3 hours
    Prerequisite: BIL 355

    BIL565 Evolution and Development  (3 credits)
    Evolution and Development, or 'Evo-Devo' is a relatively new field of scientific inquiry that encompasses a wide range of interdisciplinary approaches.  A major theme of Evo-Devo studies is the exploration of the relationship between common descent and biological diversity, principally changes in organismal development through time. 
    Prerequisite: BIL250

    BIL568 - Evolution and Development of Nervous Systems (3 credits)
    Mechanisms/pathways/modules underlying formation of the nervous system during development. How some properties of nervous systems have resisted change while others have diverged dramatically during evolution.
    Prerequisite: BIL 268 or BIL 355 or permission of instructor

    BIL569 - Biology of Aging (3 credits)
    The hypotheses and data relating to the biological basis of aging in invertebrates and vertebrates, including humans.
    Prerequisite: BIL 250

    BIL571 - 575 - Advanced Special Studies in Biology (1-6 credits)
    Congtent of course will vary by semester, and will be indicated by subtitle in the course schedule.
    Prerequisite: will vary with topic and be noted in the "Course Notes" link on MyUM.

    BIL582 - Borderless Science (3 credits)
    Students from various scientific disciplines will be introduced to new technologies and resources from wide-ranging fields of science and learn to apply them in their own fields. Students will engage in mutual exchange of discipline-specific practices and novel ideas for research in biology, neuroscience, psychology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, engineering, etc.
    Prerequisite: Permission of instructor